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  • Writer's pictureSadie Howes

Death of Middle Management?

Forbes and other media outlets are racing to cover a report on a startling "trend" emerging in the corporate world: the abandonment of middle management. Covering a select set of companies who've abandoned their middle managers raises intriguing questions about its implications and the true nature of these organizational changes and long-term effects.

Critical Question: Are these companies eliminating middle management, OR are they covertly reconciling an overgrowth of senior leadership roles?

While the article and companies have positioned this as a great equalizing measure to flatten organizational structure and reduce bureaucratic inefficiencies, it neglects to mention the relative bloat at the top of some companies over the last five decades.

It would have been interesting to understand, in juxtaposition to the cut of middle management, whether the senior leadership in these organizations expanded over the past few years or remained relatively steady. Understanding this dynamic is crucial to deciphering whether the reduction in middle management is genuinely a downsizing effort or merely a shift in titles and responsibilities that favors further bloat of senior leadership titles. A growing executive team would indicate this is really a rebranding of middle management rather than an actual cut.

The Dynamics of Title Inflation

The 2024 American workforce is among the most educated it has ever been. This highly educated workforce has continually sought positions that offer perceived significance and prestige. The phenomenon of title inflation, where job titles are elevated to reflect a higher status, has been lamented in public forums (news, academia, etc.) since at least 1975. As more individuals have attained higher education and professional qualifications, the demand for titles that match their education credentials has continuously intensified.

Given this context, it's plausible that the current trend of eliminating middle management could be a response to this demand for higher-status titles. Rather than a genuine reduction in the managerial workforce, this could be a strategic move to reconcile the overgrowth of "senior leadership" positions with the realities of a highly educated labor market.

The Rebranding of Middle Management

Despite the reduction in middle management positions, the tasks and responsibilities traditionally handled by middle managers still need to be addressed. This raises a critical point: are companies truly eliminating these roles or rebranding them? The work of middle management must either be handed up to senior leaders or down to frontline employees, depending on the company's structure and strategy.

In many cases, what appears to be a cut in middle management might be a redistribution of responsibilities. Senior leaders may take on more direct oversight of certain functions, while frontline employees could be empowered to handle more decision-making processes. This rebranding effort might be driven by a desire to streamline operations, reduce costs, or adapt to the evolving demands of the workforce. Still, it does not eliminate the work to be done previously by middle managers.

The Implications for Companies and Employees

Eliminating middle management could lead to increased efficiency and a more agile organizational structure for companies. However, it also presents challenges, such as ensuring senior leaders are not overwhelmed and that frontline employees are adequately supported and trained to handle their expanded roles.

For employees, this trend can be a double-edged sword. While it might offer opportunities for greater responsibility and career advancement, it can also lead to increased workloads and the pressure to perform without the traditional support of middle managers.


Ignoring the equally plausible assessment that these cuts are all a ploy to manipulate share prices through perceived labor cost reductions, the "trend" is no less concerning. It is a complex phenomenon with multiple layers that don't guarantee success or failure for an organization. That is wholly dependent on the organization's culture, workflows, and efficiencies before making the change and upholding the new culture and workflows afterward. As companies navigate this trend, it's essential to critically examine the true nature of these changes and the possible implications relative to their unique organizational culture. It is not a trend to jump on the bandwagon because the potential pitfalls are massive.

Executives need to ask themselves, are we genuinely axing middle management or rebranding it? The answer may lie in a deeper analysis of organizational structures and the evolving dynamics of the modern workplace.

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